GATE EXAM – Overview, Eligibility, Duration & Exam Types

The Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE) is an all-India examination at national level  that examines  the comprehensive understanding of various undergraduate subjects in engineering and science.  GATE is conducted by the Indian Institute of Science and other seven institutes within India such as (Bombay, Delhi, Guwahati, Kanpur, Madras) with the help of National Board and Government of India. The GATE Score is used for applying for admissions in various postgraduate programs such as Masters of Engineering, Master of Technology, Doctorate.. , GATE scores are also being used by several Indian public sectors bodies for recruiting graduate engineers in entry-level positions. It is one of the most competitive examinations in India.



The eligibility criteria to GATE EXAM can be found below:

  • Bachelor’s degree holders in Engineering/ Technology/ Architecture (4 years after 10+2/ Post-B. Sc./ Post-Diploma) and those who are in the final year of such programs.
  • Master’s degree holders in any branch of Science/ Mathematics/ Statistics/ Computer Applications or equivalent and those who are in the final year of such programs.
  • Candidates in the second or higher year of Four-year integrated master’s degree programs (Post-B. Sc.) in Engineering/ Technology.
  • Candidates in the fourth or higher year of Five-year integrated master’s degree programs or Dual Degree programs in Engineering/Technology.
  • Candidates with qualifications got through examinations conducted by professional societies recognized by UPSC/AICTE (e.g. AMIE by i.e. (i), AMICE (i) by the institute of Civil Engineers (India)-iCE ( (i)) as equivalent to B.E./B.Tech.


The GATE  examination is about 3 hours duration, and it contains 65 questions of maximum 100 marks. From 2014 onward, the examination for GATE is carried out in an online Computer-Based Test (CBT) mode where the candidates are shown the questions in a random sequence on a computer screen. The questions comprise both multiple-choice questions and numerical answer. type questions…. Candidates are provided with blank paper sheets for rough work and these have to be returned after the examination. At the end, the computer automatically closes the screen from further processing. The subjects of interest include Electronics and Communication Engineering, Computer Science & Engineering, Electrical Engineering & Instrumentation Engineering. Apart from that there are also some other subjects that you can opt for such as Mathematics, Physics, etc. Candidates who scores below 70 percentages of marks get no score card.


GATE, has examined the Engineering basics in a unique way. It does not comprise much of LENGTHY PROBLEMS. The most difficult part of managing the entire course of engineering in a three-hour exam . It itself gives the test a certain level of toughness. Each year, only around 15% of all appearing candidates qualify. Around 90% are required to get admission in M. . Tech. or M.E. degree programs in Indian Institute of Technology and Indian Institute of Science, or to get an opportunity for job interviews in Indian Public Sector.


GATE Paper Code GATE Paper Code
Aerospace Engineering AE Instrumentation Engineering IN
Agricultural Engineering AG Mathematics MA
Architecture and Planning AR Mechanical Engineering ME
Biotechnology BT Mining Engineering MN
Civil Engineering CE Metallurgical Engineering MT
Chemical Engineering CH Petroleum Engineering PE
Computer Science and Information Technology CS Physics PH
Chemistry CY? Production and Industrial Engineering PI
Electronics and Communication Engineering EC Textile Engineering and Fiber Science TF
Electrical Engineering EE Engineering Sciences XE*
Ecology and Evolution EY Life Sciences XL**
Geology and Geophysics GG


* Engineering Sciences (XE) Paper Sections

(A and any 2 of B to G)

Code ** Life Sciences (XL) Paper Sections

(H and any 2 of I to M)

Engineering Mathematics (Compulsory) A Chemistry (Compulsory) H
Fluid Mechanics B Biochemistry I
Materials Science C Botany J
Solid Mechanics D Microbiology K
Thermodynamics E Zoology L
Polymer Science and Engineering F Food Technology M
Food Technology G


GATE results are usually declared about one month after the examinations are over. The results show

The total marks scored by a candidate,

The GATE score,

The all-India rank

The cut off marks for various categories in the candidate’s paper.

The score is valid for 3 years from announcement of the results. The score cards are issued only to qualified candidates.


Students pursuing M.Tech are eligiable for a scholarship of RS 8000/ month by the Govt. of India . The amount is enough for living expenses and also for purchase of study material, etc. This amount of scholarship will be paid for the entire 18 months of M.Tech duration

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